Sunday, June 16, 2013

The Origins of Voodoo and Practices

How Voodoo Came To Be So Popular

Voodoo is a derivative of the world's oldest known religions which have been around in Africa since the beginning of human civilization. Some conservative estimates these civilizations and religions to be over 10,000 years old. This then identify Voodoo as probably the best example of African syncretism in the Americas. Although its essential wisdom originated in different parts of Africa long before the Europeans started the slave trade, the structure of Voodoo, as we know it today, was born in Haiti during the European colonization of Hispaniola. Ironically, it was the enforced immigration of enslaved African from different ethnic groups that provided the circumstances for the development of Voodoo. European colonists thought that by desolating the ethnic groups, these could not come together as a community. However, in the misery of slavery, the transplanted Africans found in their faith a common thread.

They began to invoke not only their own Gods, but to practice rites other than their own. In this process, they co-mingled and modified rituals of various ethnic groups. The result of such fusion was that the different religious groups integrated their beliefs, thereby creating a new religion: Voodoo. The word "voodoo" comes from the West African word "vodun," meaning spirit. This Afro-Caribbean religion mixed practices from many African ethnics groups such as the Fon, the Nago, the Ibos, Dahomeans, Congos, Senegalese, Haussars, Caplaous, Mondungues, Mandinge, Angolese, Libyans, Ethiopians, and the Malgaches.

The Essence of Voodoo

Within the voodoo society, there are no accidents. Practitioners believe that nothing and no event has a life of its own. That is why "vous deux", you two, you too. The universe is all one. Each thing affects something else. Scientists know that. Nature knows it. Many spiritualists agree that we are not separate, we all serve as parts of One. So, in essence, what you do unto another, you do unto you, because you ARE the other. Voo doo. View you. We are mirrors of each others souls. God is manifest through the spirits of ancestors who can bring good or harm and must be honored in ceremonies. There is a sacred cycle between the living and the dead. Believers ask for their misery to end. Rituals include prayers, drumming, dancing, singing and animal sacrifice.

The serpent figures heavily in the Voodoo faith. The word Voodoo has been translated as "the snake under whose auspices gather all who share the faith". The high priest and/or priestess of the faith (often called Papa or Maman) are the vehicles for the expression of the serpent's power. The supreme deity is Bon Dieu. There are hundreds of spirits called Loa who control nature, health, wealth and happiness of mortals. The Loa form a pantheon of deities that include Damballah, Ezili, Ogu, Agwe, Legba and others. During Voodoo ceremonies these Loa can possess the bodies of the ceremony participants. Loa appear by "possessing" the faithful, who in turn become the Loa, relaying advice, warnings and desires. Voodoo is an animist faith. That is, objects and natural phenomena are believed to possess holy significance, to possess a soul. Thus the Loa Agwe is the divine presence behind the hurricane.

Music and dance are key elements to Voodoo ceremonies. Ceremonies were often termed by whites "Night Dancing" or "Voodoo Dancing". This dancing is not simply a prelude to sexual frenzy, as it has often been portrayed. The dance is an expression of spirituality, of connection with divinity and the spirit world.

Voodoo is a practical religion, playing an important role in the family and the community. One's ancestors, for instance, are believed to be a part of the world of the spirits, of the Loas, and this is one way that Voodoo serves to root its participants in their own history and tradition. Another practical aspect of Voodoo ceremonies is that participants often come before the priest or priestess to seek advice, spiritual guidance, or help with their problems. The priest or priestess then, through divine aid, offer help such as healing through the use of herbs or medicines (using knowledge that has been passed down within the religion itself), or healing through faith itself as is common in other religions. Voodoo teaches a respect for the natural world.

Unfortunately, the public's perception of voodoo rites and rituals seems often to point to the evil or malicious side of things. There are healing spells, nature spells, love spells, purification spells, joyous celebration spells. Spirits may be invoked to bring harmony and peace, birth and rebirth, increased abundance of luck, material happiness, renewed health. The fact is, for those who believe it, voodoo is powerful. It is also empowering to the person who practices it.

Voodoo and its fight to survive

Despite Voodoo's noble status as one of the worlds oldest religions, it has been typically characterized as barbaric, primitive, sexually licentious practice based on superstition and spectacle. Much of this image however, is due to a concerted effort by Europeans, who have a massive fear of anything African, to suppress and distort a legitimate and unique religion that flourished among their enslaved Africans. When slavers brought these peoples across the ocean to the Americas, the African's brought their religion with them. However, since slavery included stripping the slaves of their language, culture, and heritage, this religion had to take some different forms. It had to be practiced in secret, since in some places it was punishable by death, and it had to adapt to the loss of their African languages. In order to survive, Voodoo also adopted many elements of Christianity. When the French who were the colonizers of Haiti, realized that the religion of the Africans was a threat to the colonial system, they prohibited all African religion practices and severely punished the practitioners of Voodoo with imprisonment, lashings and hangings. This religious struggle continued for three centuries, but none of the punishments could extinguished the faith of the Africans. This process of acculturation helped Voodoo to grow under harsh cultural conditions in many areas of the Americas.

Voodoo survives as a legitimate religion in a number of areas of the world, Brazil where it is called "Candombli" and the English speaking Caribbean where it is called .Obeah.. The Ewe people of southern Togo and southeastern Ghana -- two countries in West Africa -- are devout believers. In most of the United States however, white slavers were successful in stripping slaves of their Voodoo traditions and beliefs. Thus Voodoo is, for most African Americans, yet another part of their heritage that they can only try to re-discover.

The Power of Voodoo

The strength that the Africans in Haiti gained from their religion was so strong and powerful, that they were able to survive the cruel persecution of the French rulers against Voodoo. It was in the midst of this struggle that the revolution was conspired. The Voodoo priests consulted their oracle and learned how the political battle would have to be fought in order for them to be victorious. The revolution exploded in 1791 with a Petr- ritual and continued until 1804 when the Haitians finally won independence. Today the system of Voodoo reflects its history. We can see the African ethnic mixture in the names of different rites and in the pantheon of Gods or Loas, which is composed of deities from all parts of Africa.

Haiti's government officially sanctioned voodoo as a religion

Thursday April 10, 2003.
Haiti's government has officially sanctioned voodoo as a religion, allowing practitioners to begin performing ceremonies from baptisms to marriages with legal authority.

Many who practice voodoo praised the move, but said much remains to be done to make up for centuries of ridicule and persecution in the Caribbean country and abroad.

Voodoo priest Philippe Castera said he hopes the government's decree is more than an effort to win popularity amid economic and political troubles.

"In spite of our contribution to Haitian culture, we are still misunderstood and despised," said Castera, 48.

In an executive decree issued last week, President Jean-Bertrand Aristide invited voodoo adherents and organizations to register with the Ministry of Religious Affairs.

After swearing an oath before a civil judge, practitioners will be able to legally conduct ceremonies such as marriages and baptisms, the decree said.

Aristide, a former Roman Catholic priest, has said he recognizes voodoo as a religion like any other, and a voodoo priestess bestowed a presidential sash on him at his first inauguration in 1991.

"An ancestral religion, voodoo is an essential part of national identity," and its institutions "represent a considerable portion" of Haiti's 8.3 million people, Aristide said in the decree.

Voodoo practitioners believe in a supreme God and spirits who link the human with the divine. The spirits are summoned by offerings that include everything from rum to roosters.

Though permitted by Haiti's 1987 constitution, which recognizes religious equality, many books and films have sensationalized voodoo as black magic based on animal and human sacrifices to summon zombies and evil spirits.

"It will take more than a government decree to undo all that malevolence," Castera said, and suggested that construction of a central voodoo temple would "turn good words into a good deed."

There are no reliable statistics on the number of adherents, but millions in Haiti place faith in voodoo. The religion evolved from West African beliefs and developed further among slaves in the Caribbean who adopted elements of Catholicism.

Voodoo is an inseparable part of Haitian art, literature, music and film. Hymns are played on the radio and voodoo ceremonies are broadcast on television along with Christian services.

But for centuries voodoo has been looked down upon as little more than superstition, and at times has been the victim of ferocious persecution. A campaign led by the Catholic church in the 1940s led to the destruction of temples and sacred objects.

In 1986, following the fall of Jean-Claude Duvalier's dictatorship, hundreds of voodoo practitioners were killed on the pretext that they had been accomplices to Duvalier's abuses.

File:AfrikahausFreibergVoodoogruppe.jpg
Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Monday, June 10, 2013

Saggers and Sagging: Pants wearing below your ass! Grow up dudes! Be a man!

I use public transit here in Houston and am subjected to seeing these men (?) that run around town with their asses hanging out, not always covered by their boxers. To me, this is rude, unsanitary and very disrespectful to myself, others, and especially children.

Why show your asses? You want to know what I know? It is because you are advertising to the world that your ass is up for grabs and not by any female, but a male. Call it what you want...a style... a fashion... gang-related... You are saying that your ass is up for any male that may be drawn to it. "Bottom" line, lol. Pun intended!

Get real, get a life, and stop walking around like a person, or animal, that has a physical ailment, simply to keep your pants sorta up there dudes. If you are gay, which this implies, nothing wrong with being gay, but you don't have to advertise that way.... Try just being yourself... If you are just making a so called fashion statement, well, this certainly is not a fashion! You may refer to yourself as a "sagger", but come on, lol, do you even know what you are representing?

Stop offending women and children and men like myself! Pull your pants up. Be a MAN for a change.

Now, again, after I view this offending sight, over and over, you know what I have noticed? NO WOMEN are with these dudes... it is either a dude by themselves or with another dude. A woman is not going to hang with some male like that and be embarrassed. But, for whatever reason...again, "manly", the trend continues.

I guess by wearing your pants that low, no one can view how "little" your male parts are, versus wearing some nice, tight Levis where it would be evident that you were cheated on that male organ size from the beginning.

So, "low pants wearers" of the world, get real, get a life and learn what the word Aretha Franklin sings about "RESPECT" actually means, and be "cool".

Don't be shy, post your thoughts in comment on this.

Sagging Pants in Paris

Monday, June 3, 2013

What Is The Differences Between Ceremonial Magic and Living Magic?

Ceremonial Magic Versus Living Magic

I have heard many arguments and debates about Ceremonial Magic and Living Magic, but many of such discussions neglect to mention what the purposes and differences truly are.
The point I would like to make clear, is that unless somebody has practiced and/or experienced both
types of magic, I do not feel they could accurately make any valid comparison.
It would be much like the argument of which is better between planes and trains, those who prefer trains might say that it is better because of the scenery, the comfort, security... those who prefer planes might prefer the sense of freedom, floating above the landscape... But unless you have done both, could you "honestly" say that one is better than the other, when the purposes of each are often different even thought the main goal is quite simply to reach a destination?
Another accurate analogy, is to think of yourself like a car battery. Living magic is like a vehicles alternator or generator, while ceremonial magic is like a battery charger... a battery does quite well on just the alternator/generator, but it cannot be denied that a good charge is sometimes preferred or on occasion, needed... The charge from a car is long and slow, which makes it longer lasting and more enduring, but the charge from a battery charger is quick and sometimes stronger (higher current), though not as long-lasting... Does this make it any less potent or less desirable?
The thing to consider, is that if living magic is done daily, then should not something "special" or different be done for Holy-days and special occasions?
To say that Ceremonial magic is undesirable, is like being married without ever having a wedding, honeymoon or anniversaries, just as being strictly ceremonial, is like getting married but never being together. (Make any sense?)
I have been a practitioner of both and the energies are quite different and you can feel what is added to rituals and rites when care and preparation are done, when you care enough about what you are doing to consecrate items and attire and show care in the semantics... I am not saying its any better, it's just different...
With Living Magic, I have manifested and altered the weather, I have made ice and rain, I have summoned a bull, I had driven my car over 300K miles without maintenance or oil changes and for six years without any police attention (an amazing feat for anybody who has seen how I drive)... but with Ceremonial Magic, I have changed who I am, I had restructured my energies into more potent and more focused and useable energy...
One did not accomplish greater deeds than the other, they both do well, and with differing purpose...
Just something to think about... If you have never tried one or the other, then it is a strong recommendation to just try it... At least then, you can make your own valid comparison, or even better, find the best benefits of both!